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John Roberts Everett, an active participant in the Free Soil movement while living in Kansas, expressed doubt about the state’s chances of being admitted into the U.S. as a non-slave state. In an 1856 letter to his brother, he wrote: “I have felt a good deal discouraged at the result of the vote for the admission of Free Kansas. We had counted on the moral force of a right vote in the House, although assured that the Senate for the present is hopelessly against us.”