In the fifteen years before the publication of /Leaves of Grass/ (1855), Walt Whitman constructed three authoritative voices by which he engaged the upheavals endemic to the Industrial Revolution. Through these public personas, found mostly in his journalism, Whitman offered remedies for American artisans who had lost their economic autonomy and status. Instead of attacking broad forces beyond worker control, Whitman blamed artisans for oppressing themselves through the temptations of consumerism and affectation. In this seminar, participants will examine Whitman’s poetry through its historical context and that historical context through the poetry. In doing so, participants will trace Whitman’s public voice as he wrestled intimately with the debates of his day: conspicuous consumption, nativism, slavery, and, through it all, labor and the status of the new working class.
Seminar led by Jason Stacy, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville